The overview of file server
File server (or Fileserver) is a computer attached to a network that provides a location for shared disk access. For example, a shared storage of computer files (such as documents, sound files, photographs, movies, images, databases, etc.) can be accessed by the workstations that are able to reach the computer through a computer network.
It is designed primarily to enable the storage and retrieval of data. That’s to say, a file server can act as the central storage and manage the data files. And ensure other computers on the same network can access the shared files over a network without physically transferring files to any device.
Aside by that, any computer can be configured to be a host and act as a file server. To put it simply, a file server may be an ordinary PC that handles requests for files and sends it over the network. In a more sophisticated network, a file server might be a dedicated network-attached storage (NAS) device that also serves as a remote hard disk drive for other computers.
A program or mechanism that enables the required processes for file sharing can also be called file server. On the Internet, such programs often use the File Transfer Protocol (FTP).
Why backup file server?
When it comes to backing up network-attached storage, you will think about backing up a NAS. A few people will think about backing up a file server. However, it's still important to backup your file server. And why?
Like any other device (NAS storage, hard drive, etc), your file server is subject to problems, such as power failure, hardware failure, physical damage. Thus, if your file server encounters any problem, data loss can hardly be avoided.
How to configure file server in server 2012(R2)?
When you are going to use Windows Server as a file server, File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) may be a magic tool to set storage quotas and to control the types of files that can be saved to a file server. It was introduced in Windows Server over a decade ago, but that is alive and well in Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2. And it's is a part of the File and Storage Services role. The role is installed by default on Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2, but the File Server Resource Manager is not. Thus, you need to manually install it
Install FSRM and File Server
To install it, you can follow the steps below.
Step 1: You must open the Server Manager and choose the Add Roles and Features command from the Manage menu.
Step 2: Expand the File and Storage Services role>File and iSCSI Services component subsequently on the interface of Add Roles and Features Wizard, then select the File Server Resource Manager option. If you do not install file server, you can select File Server and follow the prompt to install both of them.
Configure file server sharing
To configure file server sharing, you can follow the specific steps below
Step 1: After install File and Storage Services, you can see it on the main page of Server Manager. Open it and click Servers, you will see the detailed information of your file server. Then create volumes/ storage pools as you like.
Step 2：Select New Share option from the Task button given in the top right corner. Then, you will enter the New Share Wizard and follow the prompt on the wizard until the last step.
Step 3: After you configure file server sharing, you can see your shared folder on the destination location you specify.
How to perform Windows file server backup?
As mentioned above, any other storage device could be subject to failure, which may result in data loss. The best way is to perform Windows file server backup. It can help you to restore your data after your file server encounter unexpected failure.
Perform Windows file server backup via Map network drive
Step 1: Specify a drive letter for your file server via Map network drive. You can directly navigate to This PC>Computer>Map network drive, then specify a drive letter for your file server and type the location of your file server as well as choose your file server sharing folder. After all things ensure, click OK and Finish subsequently.
Step 2: After successfully specify a drive letter for your file server and choose the file server sharing folder, you can backup it with either Windows Server Backup software or a reliable third-party backup software.
If you do not want to map a network drive or require more advanced features, you can choose a reliable Windows file server backup software to realize your purpose.
Another way to perform Windows Server 2012 file server backup
When it comes to Windows file server backup software, AOMEI Backup Server is worth to mention. A software, designed for Windows Server, can support all versions of Windows Server including Server 2003(R2), Windows Server 2008(R2), Windows Server 2012 (R2), Windows Server 2016. Aside by that, you can enjoy more advanced backup option, such as System Backup, Disk Backup, Partition Backup, File Sync, etc.
Continue to see below, I will show you the detailed steps to perform Windows 2008/2012 file server backup.
Step 1: Download AOMEI Backupper Server, install and launch it.
Step 2: Open Windows file server backup software, click Backup and File Backup subsequently
Step 3: Click Add Folder, then tag on Browse and select Share/ NAS. At the same time, click Add Share/NAS device, type Display Name and Share/ NAS path, then click OK.
Step 4: After select Windows file server sharing folder, choose a destination path to save your file server sharing folder. To destination path, you can choose PC, external hard drive, floppy hard drive, USB flash drive, etc. confirm all things and click Start Backup.
Tip: To ensure the security of your data, you would better save your Windows file server backup to a safe place. Whenever you encounter unexpected failure, you can use it to restore your data.