Top Two Ways to Synchronize Files between Windows Servers

July 19, 2019

In this article, you are going to learn how to synchronize files or folders between Windows Server with Windows Server DFS replication and AOMEI Backupper Server. Details are below.


"I have multiple Windows servers. And I want to synchronize files between Windows servers. But I don't how to realize this purpose. Any suggestion and comment are welcome."

Why do you want to synchronize files between Windows Servers?

In general, if you have a work team or cooperate with a team, you may need to see the files or folders of your team. Also, you need to keep up with the changed, newly added or deleted files if someone modifies it.

Aside by that, data loss prevention, file transfer, centralized file management can still be the reasons why you need to synchronize files between two Windows Servers or more.

How to synchronize files between Windows Servers?

How to sync sync files between Windows Servers? You can try Windows Server DFS Replication or file sync software. Both can help you to tansfer files from server to server.

Method 1: Synchronize files between Windows Server using DFS Replication

What is Windows Server DFS Replication?

Windows Server DFS replication is one of the role services in the File and Storage Services role. This technology was first introduced in Windows Server 2003 R2 and is retained in later versions, including Windows Server 2008/2008 R2/2012. And the latter version has a continuous improvement.

With DFS Replication, you can efficiently do folder replication in Windows Server 2008/2012/2016 and its R2 version. It uses a compression algorithm known as remote differential compression (RDC) to detect changes to the data in a file, then enables DFS Replication to replicate only the changed file blocks rather than the entire file.

Detailed steps to sync files between Windows Servers

Whenever you meet problems concerned to your computer, you may think about Windows built-in tool in the first time. Syncing folders in Windows Server is not an exception.

Now, let’s start to sync files with built-in tool. DFS replication is not installed by default, thus you need to install DFS replication first and then perform file replication.

Part 1: Install DFS replication

Step 1. Go to Server Manager, click Role on the left panel and tag on Add Roles on the right panel.

Add Roles

Step 2. Click Server Roles and tick the checkbox before File Services, then tap on Next.

Choose File Services

Step 3. Click Role Services and tick the checkbox before DFS Replication, then tag on Next.

Choose DFS Replication

Step 4. Confirm you want to install the roles, role services, or features, then click Install.

Install DFS Replication

Step 5. Wait for the installation process, then click Close after you see the results with Installation succeeded marked.

Installation Succeed

Part 2: Configure DFS Replication and perform the first file replication

Step 1. Click Start -> Administrative Tools -> DFS Management subsequently, then Right click Replication and choose New Replication Group in the DFS Management console.

Replication and New Replication Group

Step 2. choose Replication Group Type as below.

Replication Group Type

Step 3. Set a name and domain for your replication group, then click Next.

Name and Domain

Step 4. Click Add and look up the servers in Active Directory, then select the servers you want to share files or folders and click Next.

Step 5. Select Full Mesh in the Topology Selection. This feature make the shared files or folders stay to sync among all of the servers regardless of where the files are updated. You will be noted to use Hub and spoke.


  • You need at least three servers to execute this operation.

  • You will be noted to use Hub and spoke. However, there is no need to use it in most cases, so you can use it or not according to your situation.

Step 6. Choose to use full bandwidth if you want to keep the files in sync all the time.

Step 7. To avoid file conflict in the first synchronization, you need to choose a Primary member. After the first synchronization, all the files will be synchronized nearly instantaneously, because the Full mesh topology treats all servers as equals.

Step 8. Click Add and you will enter a new window, then select the folders you want to replicate and click Next. You can use the default existing permissions because it works in most cases. However, you still can set custom permissions.

Step 9. Now, you will see all servers you selected before. And you will be noted that the local path is not set and it's disabled. Then click Edit and select enabled as well as choose the local folder on the remote server.

Step 10. Review whatever you have selected,confirm all the settings and click Create. Wait for the final result.

Follow the steps above, you can sync files among multiple servers as you want. However, using DFS Replication requires Active Directory Domain. And it only supports NTFS file system, so you cannot sync files with other file systems, such as FAT, ReFS, etc. More so, you will find that DFS Replication is not working and give you some errors code like 1706, 9026,9036, 9098, etc. It makes users feel upset.

This shows, you may need an easier way. To save your time and effort, I recommend you syncing files between Windows Server with file sync software AOMEI Backupper Server.

Method 2: Synchronize files between Windows Server via AOEMI Backupper Server

Why AOMEI Backupper Server?

AOMEI Backupper Server is a professional file sync software which is designed for server computers. It can help you sync files or folders effortlessly without Domain required. And it supports all kinds of file system, including NTFS, FAT32, exFAT, etc. Besides, you can do synchronization file in real time between Windows Server. It is used to monitor the files for changes and synchronize the new added, modified or deleted files from source to target path as soon as the change has occurred.

Specific steps to sync files between Windows servers

Step 1. Create a shared folder and set up permission for Windows servers you want to share files with.

Step 2. Download AOMEI Backupper Server, install and launch it.Free Trial

Step 3. Click Backup and File Sync subsequently.

File Sync

Step 4. Click Add Folder to select the file or folder you want to sync to your shared folder, then select the destination path.

Add Sync Destination

Step 5. (Optional) Click Schedule and choose Real-time Sync if you want to real-time monitor the source files or folders. If you choose this feature, the program will sync the changed files or folders immediately when the source files or folders have been changed.

Real-time Sync

Step 6. After all finish, click Start Sync. Then, you can access the shared folder on the destination disk and check your data. To sync the shared folder to other servers, you need to repeat above steps and use a different server as the destination path.


For whatever reasons you want to synchronize files between Windows Servers, you can follow above steps to realize your purpose. AOMEI Backupper Server is a magic software. It can not only sync files in a few clicks but also sync files in real-time. Besides, it’s a backup and restore software, which can realize other backup features, such as Differential Backup, Backup Incremental to Network Share, File Backup, etc.

If you want to protect unlimited PCs and servers within your company, you may choose AOMEI Backupper Technician Plus. It offers unlimited billable technical services to clients. It also enables you to copy installation directory for portable version creation.