How to Backup Files in Windows 7 to External Hard Drive

Posted by @Cody

April 27, 2017

We can prevent data loss by backing up files on Windows 7 to an external hard drive or network drive with its built-in backup tool Backup and Restore.

What is file backup?

File backup is the process of making a backup image for all or partial files/folders on your Windows 7 computer to another storage media (such as external hard drive, USB flash drive, network drive, etc) in case of data loss caused by system errors or mistakes. Compared with system backup and disk backup, file backup is a more convenient and proper way to protect some specific and important data.

Why need to backup files?

Many users have stored important files on their Windows 7 computer. Imaging that when you noticed the files had gone by mistake or system error, only to find no file backup created. If you had created some Windows 7 file backup images, you could restore the file backup image to get your files back without having the frustration.

To get your files backed up is more essential for enterprises. Many enterprises have important emails, documents, records and more on their computers. Once they are lost, it will lead in uncountable loss. At best, all the hard work have gone for nothing. At worst, it will even affect the normal running of the enterprise. In order to keep production, sales, development of a company running smoothly, to set some schedule backup on computer is inevitable.

How to backup files in Windows 7 with its built-in tool?

Speaking of free ways to backup files in Windows 7, it is unwise not to address Windows 7 built-in backup and restore tool. The steps below will show you how to backup files on Windows 7.

1. Go Start and type in “backup” or click Control Panel > System and Security > Backup your computer to launch Windows 7 backup and restore tool. Then click “Set up backup” to set up your first backup.

Setup Backup

2. Select a partition to save the backup file and click “Next”. If you choose to save on a network, your password to the share may be needed. Notes: 1) The chosen partition has to be on a basic disk without system and sufficient for a system backup image even if you just want to backup a small folder. 2) Once you have clicked “Next”, you can not go back to edit it but to either start over by cancelling it or change settings after running the backup.

Save Backup

3. You’ll be given two choices on the next pop-out window. Select “Let me choose” and click “Next”.

4. Select the folder(s) to be backed up and click “Next”.

Select Folders

5. By default, it sets a schedule to run the backup daily at 7:00 PM. You can change the schedule and click “Save settings and run backup”. Then you can view the backup details on the next pop-out window. Note that you can only keep one available backup task running, namely the only way to create another backup is to change the current backup settings.

Save Settings

You can also use Wbadmin to backup files in Windows 10/8/7. Although the backup and restore tool in Windows 7 is already better than the last one, in case you need something more professional, here comes AOMEI Backupper Standard which can give a better performance in doing file backup.

How to backup files on Windows 7 with free AOMEI Backupper?

Compared with Windows 7 built-in backup tool, Backupper is easier to use; Backupper runs faster; Backupper saves more spaces by advanced compression function; Backupper provides more choices while setting up a backup task, such as backing up to more locations as long as it can be detected by Windows, keeping more backup tasks running on schedule rather than one, supporting incremental and differential backups; choosing files to backup besides folders, setting a filter to exclude the files you don’t want to backup, and more. Having ever seen the stunning and concise interface of Backupper, one may scarcely think of needing detailed tutorials to show you how to backup files for Windows 7 with Backupper.

Add File

After finishing the backup, there will be an .afi file created on the destination location you chose. You can see the backup task on the “Home” tab, and click “Locate Image” under “Advanced” tab to view the image file.

Locate Image

Besides Windows 7, AOMEI Backupper, a completely free backup and restore software for personal and commercial use, also supports Windows 10/8.1/8/XP/Vista. After knowing how to backup files on Windows 7, you may also be interested in a new added feature of AOMEI Backupper Standard, File Sync , which now can synchronize all files from one folder to the other. If you set a scheduled File Sync, the two folders you choose to synchronize will always be on the same page.