SSD is short for Solid-State Drive and it refers to a data storage device, which can be used to store data persistently by integrated circus assemblies. According to different interfaces and form factors, SSDs can be divided into 2.5", mSATA, M.2, and PCI-Express.
Which type of SSD you need to choose depends on the available ports on your motherboard. Compared to HDD (Hard Disk Drive), it possesses better performance in reading and writing speeds. However, it is usually more expensive than HDD when it comes to the same capacity.
Why Need to Migrate OS to SSD?
OS (Operating System) refers to the environment and command structure within which we can run programs, play games, watch movies, etc. and installed on C drive in most cases. However, moving OS to SSD usually does not mean moving C drive only especially when there are many other boot-related partitions such as EFI partition and System Reserved partition.
In general, the most prevalent reason of copying OS to SSD is to take full use of SSD and gain better performance. Some users prefer the arrangement of SSD for OS and HDD for storage to fully take advantage of each sort of hard drive.
For most of the users, it has been regarded as a hard problem to do the migration, because it would cost a lot of time to reinstall the operating system, updates, drivers, and some other necessary applications. However, if their hard disk is running out of space, the OS migration cannot be avoided any more. Once you search on Google, you can find the best solution is to complete this task with some powerful and reliable tools, which can be regarded as a time saver.
Best OS Migration Software
Here, a complete, easy-to-use and reliable software - AOMEI Backupper will be highly recommended. It can help to migrate OS from HDD to SSD while keeping the operating system, applications and settings exactly the same as they should be. Besides, it supports all versions of Windows 10, Windows 8.1/8, Windows 7, Vista, XP systems, MBR/GPT partition styles, BIOS/UEFI boot modes, 2.5"/mSATA/M.2/PCI-E SSDs.
With AOMEI Backupper, there are two ways to migrate OS to SSD with different editions. You can choose the one which is most suitable for you. By the way, no matter which way you choose, the following preparations are alike.
Before you do:
- Uninstall software you aren't using anymore, delete unnecessary files and transfer data that you don't want stored on your SSD. (optional)
- Check and make sure your SSD has more space than the total amount of operating system, applications and data in C drive you're migrating.
- Install your SSD alongside existing hard drives in the same computer and make sure it can be detected. For a laptop, if there is no extra room to install SSD, you need a SATA-to-USB adapter to connect SSD, and then plug into a USB port on your laptop. Your laptop should detect your new SSD as an external hard drive.
Way 1: Migrate OS to SSD via Backup and Restore on Laptops [Freeware]
This way is to use "System Backup" and "System Restore" to indirectly implement OS migration to SSD. It is more complicated and will cost much more time than Way 2. In the first place, download, install and launch AOMEI Backupper Standard.
Step 1. Click "Backup" -> "System Backup" to create a full system image.
Step 2. After system backup image has been created, click "Restore" and the program will automatically detect the system backup image. If not, you can click "Path" to manually browse the path where you save the system backup image. To continue, select the system backup image and click "Next".
Step 3. A pop-up window will display and click "Yes". In the following window, check the box before "Restore system to other location" so that you can migrate OS to SSD. And then, select a backup point to restore and click "Next".
Step 4. Select the SSD (here is Disk1) which you want to migrate OS to and click "Next".
Step 5. On the operation summary window, you can check the box before "Align partition to optimize for SSD". At last, click "Start Restore".
Nowadays most laptops have extra rooms for installing more than one disk. But if there is only one single room for disks in your laptop and you don't have a SATA-to-USB adapter to connect SSD and laptop. In such case, you can create an image of HDD and save it to an USB or network share folder -> create a bootable media -> swap HDD with SSD -> start up laptop with bootable media -> follow the above Step 2 to restore the disk image.
However, we suggest you buy a SATA-to-USB adapter which also can be used to connect your HDD to laptop as secondary drive after restoration is completed.
Way 2: Much Easier Way to Migrate System to SSD Directly with AOMEI Backupper Pro [Advanced]
Take how to clone OS to SSD in Windows 10 for example.
Step 1. Install, launch and register AOMEI Backupper Pro with license code. Then select "Clone" -> "System Clone".
Step 2. The source drives is selected by default, then you only need to select the SSD as destination location. If the SSD is not empty, the program will prompt you all partitions on SSD will be deleted. Click "Next" to continue.
Tips: If you migrate OS to another hard drive, here select the HDD instead of SSD.
Step 3. Preview the operation. At the lower left corner, you can choose whether or not tick the checkbox before "Sector by sector clone". Tick the checkbox before "Align partition to optimize for SSD". Finally, click "Start Clone".
Tips: you’ll get following prompt after Step2 if migrating OS from GPT to MBR. Choose convert or not based on your condition, and AOMEI Backupper Professional will take care of all.
The time of OS migration process depends on how much data you have. After complete, click "Finish" to exit. And then, restart your computer and enter BIOS to set boot order. You can still use the old hard drive as a secondary drive for backup SSD and data storage. With this system clone software, the operation of migrating operating system to SSD can be completed through just a few clicks.
Tips: No matter which way you use, the original OS won't be removed automatically after restoration or clone. You can manually delete it after your computer can successfully boot from SSD.